How to factory reset MacBook or Mac

How to factory reset MacBook or Mac

Resetting your Mac can be an effective solution if you are experiencing performance issues, selling your computer, or simply want to start all over again. To initiate a factory reset Mac, you can use either the Erase Assistant or Disk Utility. Newer Macs have the Erase Assistant, while the older Intel-based models rely on Disk Utility. In this guide, I will demonstrate the steps for both. But first, it is crucial to review the precautions you should take before resetting.

Things to do before resetting Mac

Before you make the final call to erase your Mac, I strongly advise you to take the following steps:

  1. Backup Mac data: Backing up your MacBook and ensuring that all important files, documents, and media are safely backed up is a critical first step, as it prevents data loss during the rest of your MacBook Pro or Air.
  2. Disable FileVault: If you have decided to reset your Mac, you must disable FileVault as one of the necessary steps.

    To do so on macOS Sonoma/Ventura, go to System Settings → then head to Privacy & Security → Scroll down to Fire Vault → Select Turn Off → enter your Mac’s password → Click Unlock → finally, select Turn Off Encryption to finish the process.
  3. Cancel or transfer AppleCare: If your Mac is currently covered by AppleCare, you must consider the process of transferring the AppleCare plan. This is an important step that must be taken to ensure that your new device remains covered by AppleCare.
  4. Deauthorize services: I strongly advise you to take certain precautions when passing on or selling your Mac to ensure the security and privacy of your data. You can accomplish this by using the Apple Music app’s deauthorization feature. This will prevent unauthorized access to your personal information, music, or other sensitive data.
  5. Finally, plug your Mac in for a charge and ensure you have a stable internet connection to complete the factory resetting process.

How to reset Mac using Erase Assistant

You can use Erase Assistant on T2, M1, and M2-based Macs.

The procedure for resetting your Mac is simple, but it may vary slightly depending on the version of macOS you have installed. Here’s how you can reset your Mac running macOS Sonoma/Ventura and Monterey.

Reset Mac on macOS Sonoma or Ventura

  1. Click the Apple logo on your Mac.
  2. Go to System Settings General from the menu.
  3. Select the Transfer of Reset option.

    General, Transfer or reset
  4. Click Erase All Content and Settings.

    Click Erase All Content and Settings
  5. Enter your device password to Unlock your Mac.

    Enter your Mac password, Unlock
  6. Take a good look at the data that’ll be erased from your Mac.
  7. If everything seems alright, click Continue.

    Click Continue
  8. Now, you must authorize the process by entering the password of your Apple ID.
  9. Click Continue to proceed.

    Enter Apple ID password, Continues
  10. Enter the verification code, and finally hit Erase All Content & Settings.

    Click Erase All Content & Settings
  11. Now, let the process run its course.

Reset Mac on macOS Monterey

  1. Click the Apple logo → Select System Preferences.
  2. Now, click the System Preferences again at the top left.
  3. Select Erase all Content and Settings… when prompted.

    Select Erase all Content and Settings on Mac
  4. Enter your password and click OK.
  5. If prompted for backup,
    • Open Time Machine and create a backup on an external storage device.
    • Click Continue to skip the step.
      A new app called Erase Assistant would pop up to show which data will be erased once you reset your Mac through Erase Assistant.
  6. Click Continue to proceed.

    data will be erased once you reset your Mac
  7. Enter your Apple ID and password.
  8. A pop-up asking you to confirm erasing the Mac would come up.
  9. Select Erase All Content and Settings.
  10. Your Mac will now boot to the Apple logo screen that shows up when you turn on the Mac.
  11. Once done, your Mac will reboot with the setup screen on it.

 Note: During the procedures outlined above, you might need to:

  • Reconnect a Bluetooth accessory like a mouse or keyboard. Restart the accessory if it doesn’t auto-connect.
  • Select a Wi-Fi network or attach a network cable. Use the Wi-Fi menu from the screen’s upper-right corner.

The time required to completely wipe your entire system may vary, so just wait patiently.

How to reset Mac using Disk Utility

To reset the older Intel-based Macs, you need to make use of Disk Utility. Here’s how you can go about it.

  1. Make sure your Mac is completely Shut Down before you carry forward with the below-mentioned steps.
  2. Put your Mac to Recovery mode.
    • On Apple Silicon chip: Press and hold the Power button till the Options window appear. 
    • On Intel chip: Press and hold Power button + Command (⌘) + R keys on keyboard until the Option window is displayed.
  3. Select Options → click Continue.
  4. Choose Disk Utility → click Continue.
  5. Pick Macintosh HD from the left sidebar.
  6. Select the Erase button → enter the disk’s name and format.
    Name: Macintosh HD
    Format: APFS
  7. Depending on what you see, select the Erase or Erase Volume Group button.
  8. You need to provide your Apple ID if asked.
  9. Click Erase Mac and Restart.

Now, wait for the Mac to restart and then follow the onscreen instructions. After that, connect to a Wi-Fi network → select Exit to Recovery Utilities. Now, if you want to reinstall the macOS, you can follow the steps illustrated below.

How to restore Mac from backup

By following the steps outlined above, you can quickly start your Mac from scratch. But that might make you wonder – how do I get my data back?

Well, don’t you worry, as our detailed guide on restoring Mac from backup is at your disposal.

So, go ahead and give your Mac a fresh start.


What does a factory reset do on a MacBook or Mac?

A factory reset erases all your personal data, applications, and settings, returning your Mac to its original out-of-the-box state. It’s like starting fresh with a clean slate.

How do I wipe my Mac before selling it?

If you’re ready to give up your old MacBook, here are 11 things you should keep in mind.

Do I need my Apple ID and password during the factory reset process?

Yes, you’ll need your Apple ID and password, especially if your Mac is linked to your Apple ID for features like iCloud.

Wrapping up!

By following these simple steps, you’ve safeguarded your personal information and ensured that your Mac is now as good as new. Whether you’re passing it on to a new owner or simply rejuvenating its performance, this process is a valuable skill every Mac user should know.

Thanks for tuning in. Please take a moment to leave your thoughts in the comments below.

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Author Profile
Yash Tiwari - Author
Content Writer at iGeeksBlog

Yash is a driven individual with a passion for technology and its impact on our world. His aim is to educate and inform others about the newest advancements in technology and how they can benefit society. In consonance, he is deeply indulged in anime and Marvel Cinematic Universe, if not writing.

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