How to fix Time Machine stuck on preparing backup

How to fix Time Machine stuck on preparing backup

Time Machine, Apple’s built-in backup feature, is an extremely handy tool that lets you backup files and folders regularly. These backups typically take time to finish. However, Time Machine gets stuck on preparing backup when you back up for the first time, or you’ve added a bunch of large files to your device.

If Time Machine is taking longer than usual or seems stuck in the preparation process, don’t worry. This guide will help you fix the issue in no time.

How to know if Time Machine is stuck in the preparation process

Before you fix the issue, it is essential to know that Time Machine is stuck and is not just taking a little longer than usual to prepare. 

When you launch a backup on Time Machine after the initial backup, you’ll see a message that says, Preparing… What happens is it compares your current files and folders to the files in the most recent backup.

If you’re asking how long Time Machine’s preparing backup process takes, it depends largely on the speed of the connection between the backup disk and your device, the amount of information on your Mac, and the size of your backup.

The preparation time may take some time if you’re creating a backup for the first time and your device has many files and apps. However, the preparation process shouldn’t take more than 5-10 minutes if you barely have anything stored on your Mac.

Similarly, if you regularly back up your files, it should not take long since Time Machine only backs up new or modified data since your last backup. However, Preparing a Backup may take time if you don’t do it regularly.

To know for sure, go to System Preferences → Time Machine. Check to see if Preparing Backup progress bar is moving. If it is moving, even in small increments, it is still working. However, if you see the progress bar frozen for more than 30 minutes, your backup is likely stuck.

Reasons why the preparation stage can take longer

There are many reasons why Time Machine can become stuck on Preparing backup. Here’re a few:

  • files are too large
  • Outdated or damaged backup disk
  • macOS is not up to date
  • a recent software update is preventing it
  • there is malware on the backup disk or Mac
  • the previous Time Machine backup was interrupted
  • the Mac wasn’t shut down properly
  • other apps, like antivirus software, are trying to use the backup disk
  • You didn’t eject the backup disk from the Mac properly
  • You used the Mac for several days without performing a backup

How to fix Time Machine stuck on “Preparing Backup” 

If your Time Machine is hanging on preparing backup, here’s what you need to do.

1. Stop the Current Time Machine Backup

The first step is to stop the current Time Machine backup process. To do this, go to the Time Machine window and click the X button next to the progress bar. Wait for the Preparing backup progress bar to disappear. Be sure to deselect Back Up Automatically.

2. Delete “.inProgress” file

After stopping the current backup process, you must delete the .inProgress file or the canceled backup process found on your backup drive. To do this:

  1. Open Finder → select your Time Machine drive on the sidebar.
  2. Select Backups.backupd.
    Look for the file with a .inProgress extension.
  3. Select and delete it, and proceed to empty your Trash.

You may try switching to List view if you cannot find the file. The file you’re looking for will contain the date when the Time Machine backup was initiated in a YYYY-MM-DD-HHMMSS format.

3. Restart your Mac

Once done with the steps above, restart your Mac before attempting to rerun Time Machine. Restarting may sometimes help fix glitches and minor issues.

4. Resume your Time Machine Backup 

Once everything is done, you can re-attempt backing up your Mac with Time Machine. If the problem persists, read the following fixes.

5. Other troubleshooting tips to fix time machine hanging on preparing backup

If the process above doesn’t work, here are several troubleshooting tips before re-launching Time Machine.

I. Ensure that you have a strong network connection

A poor or non-existent Wi-Fi connection can be the culprit if you’re trying to back up over a network. Ensure that you have a strong Wi-Fi or internet connection.

II. Update your macOS

An outdated operating system can also cause issues with the Time Machine. Be sure to update your macOS to the latest. To see if your macOS is up to date, click the Apple menu → About This Mac. Click Software Update. The window will show you if your Mac is up to date. If not, you’ll find a button that tells you to update.

III. Exclude large files

If you have large files like photos and videos, these may be the culprit behind your Time Machine hanging up. Try bypassing them to see if it will fix the issue:

  1. Go to the Time Machine window → click Options.

    Click Options from Time Machine window on Mac
  2. Click +.

    Click the Add (+) button from Time Machine window on Mac
  3. Select the files or folders you want to exclude → click Exclude.
  4. Click Save.

    Exclude large files on Mac

IV. Prevent Spotlight from indexing Time Machine backup volume

Spotlight may index Time Machine backup volume and interfere with the Tim Machine preparation process. You may prevent Spotlight from indexing Time Machine by altering Spotlight’s preferences. Here’s how:

  1. Head to System Preferences → Spotlight.

    Click on Spotlight in System Preferences on Mac
  2. Click the Privacy tab.
  3. Select +.

    Prevent Spotlight from indexing Time Machine backup volume
  4. Navigate to your Time Machine backup volume and drag it to the window.

This will stop Spotlight from indexing your Time Machine backup volume.

V. Check your antivirus settings

Your antivirus software can use your external hard drive and scan it for viruses. However, this might interfere with the Time Machine backup. You may want to exclude your Time Machine drive from your antivirus scans.

FAQs

Q. How do I know when Time Machine backup is complete?

Go to System Preferences → Time Machine. You’ll see the time of the last and next scheduled backup if Time Machine is automatically turned on. You’ll also see a progress bar if the backup is still in progress and how much is left before the backup finishes.

Q. How long should preparing backup take on Mac?

The Time Machine’s preparing backup process after an initial backup typically takes about 10 minutes. It may be stuck if the progress bar hasn’t moved for more than 30 minutes.

Q. How do I turn off Time Machine?

Time Machine has an on/off switch in the old macOS. Newer macOS Time Machine does not have this button and is replaced by a Back Up Automatically option. Just deselect this to disable Time Machine’s automatic backup.

Q. How to delete Time Machine backups?

Open Time Machine → click Enter Time Machine. Scroll through your past backups and select the backup you want to delete. Click the Gear icon → Delete Backup.

Wrapping up…

The fixes above should fix your Time Machine stuck at preparing backup. However, if it still hangs, my next suggestion would be to use a new external hard drive to back up your files.

If the issue persists, you may need to visit your local Genius Bar or contact Apple Support to resolve the problem.

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