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iGBHow-toHow to take a screenshot on Mac (2024 Ultimate guide)

How to take a screenshot on Mac (2024 Ultimate guide)

Quick keyboard shortcuts:

  • Press and hold Shift + Command + 3 to take a screenshot of your entire Mac screen.
  • Press and hold Shift + Command + 4 to screenshot a portion of your Mac screen.
  • Press and hold Shift + Command + 4, and then press Space to screenshot a specific Mac window.

Ever wondered how to take a screenshot on your Mac? It’s a nifty skill that comes in handy for all sorts of things, like saving important info, sharing stuff online, or grabbing cool graphics.

If you’re already pretty savvy with your Mac, you’ve probably used popular shortcuts, like pressing Command (⌘) + Shift + 3 to capture the whole screen or Command (⌘) + Shift + 4 to pick a specific area. However, you can use more than just shortcuts to capture visuals on your Mac.

As we have already explained, taking screenshots on your iPhone and Apple Watch can be done easily. Now, let’s look into the world of taking screenshots on Mac, starting from the basics and moving on to more advanced techniques.

Keyboard shortcuts to take screenshots on Mac

Taking screenshots on Mac is straightforward as it offers built-in keyboard shortcuts. Here’s an overview:

Keyboard ShortcutFunction
Command (⌘) + Shift (⇧) + 3Takes a screenshot of the entire screen.
Command (⌘) + Shift (⇧) + 4Lets you highlight a specific area and take a partial screenshot.
Command (⌘) + Shift (⇧) + 5Opens the Screenshot app with more screenshot options and lets you screen record.
Command (⌘) + Shift (⇧) + 6Captures the screenshot of your Mac’s Touch Bar, if your Mac has one.

Below, I have explained how you can optimally use the shortcuts mentioned above.

How to take a screenshot of the entire screen on Mac

To take a screenshot of the full Mac screen, including the Dock, top menu bar, and everything else, use Command + Shift + 3.

Performing this action will instantly take a screenshot, and you’ll see a thumbnail of your screenshot at the bottom right of your screen.

You can click that small window to view the screenshot you have just taken.

Full-screen screenshot shortcut on Magic Keyboard

How to take a screenshot of a portion of your Mac screen

To take a screenshot of a selected portion, press together Command + Shift + 4.

You may leave the keys when you see the crosshair (+). Next, drag it to select a portion of the screen. When you are done with the selection, release the mouse key or trackpad touch. The Mac captures a screenshot and saves it.

Area screenshot shortcut on Magic Keyboard

How to take a screenshot of a Mac window

To capture only an open window on Mac, press together Command + Shift + 4. Leave the keys when you get the selection cursor. Now, press the Space bar once.

Next, take the camera icon on any open window and click. Using this, you can even do a screenshot of just the Dock or the menu bar and so on. These screenshot files have a nice grey shading on their edges that looks great.

As mentioned earlier, after you take a screenshot using any method, you might see its thumbnail in the lower right corner. It will automatically disappear after a few seconds and get saved. Or you may also click it to make edits like crop, markup, share, etc.

How to access and use Screenshot toolbar on Mac

Can not remember all the above keys? Then, you may pull up the Screenshot app using Spotlight Search. Press Command + Spacebar → Type Screenshot in the search bar and hit return.

Otherwise, you may remember just one combination. Then, you can use the tools you see to take a screenshot or even screen record your Mac. For this, press together Command + Shift + 5.

Both these options will present you with a selection window and a toolbar with options below it. Keep reading to learn how to make the most of these options.

Take screenshots using toolbar options

Open the Screenshot app using any of the two methods discussed above.

  • To capture full-screen: Select Capture Entire Screen → Left-click to capture.

    take full screen screenshot on mac
  • To take cropped screenshots: Choose Capture Selected Portion → Drag corners to select a portion → Click the window and drag to adjust the position → Hit Capture.

    click capture selected portion and hit capture in mac
  • To capture a specific window or menu: Select the Capture Selected Window option → Go to the window you want to take a screenshot → Just left-click.

    Capture Selected Window option on Screenshot tool
  • To record Mac screen: To the right of these three screenshot options, you’ll see two buttons for screen recording. The first option lets you screen record the whole Mac window, while the second option lets you record a selected portion of your Mac screen.

Further, you may also click the Options menu to change the screenshot location, add a timer, and access other customizations.

How to take screenshots without using Mac keyboard

If you find remembering all the keyboard shortcuts difficult or don’t have access to your keyboard, worry not! Below are the steps to capture Mac screenshots without keyboard shortcuts.

Method 1: Using Screenshot tool

  1. Open the Screenshot app from Launchpad or Spotlight Search.
  2. Now, you will see the Screenshot Toolbar at the bottom.
  3. Select the desired window option → Click Capture.

Method 2: Using Preview app

While taking screenshots using the Mac Screenshot app is handy, you can do the same with the Preview app.

  1. Open the Preview app from Launchpad, Spotlight, or Finder.
  2. Click File from the top menu bar.
  3. Pick Take Screenshot and select one of these options:
    • From Selection to take a partial screenshot of a specific area.
    • From Window to capture a screenshot of a window or menu.
    • From Entire Screen to take a screenshot of the entire screen.

      Take Screenshots using the Preview app

Tip: Suppose you want to take a screenshot of Chrome using Preview. For this, open the Preview app to get the menu for Preview in the top bar. Do not click the Chrome window. If you click it or any other app window, that menu will take its place on the top bar.

How to copy screenshot on your Mac without saving them

When you take a screenshot, it is saved to the desktop or place decided by you. However, we have figured out an additional throwaway method to grab a screenshot and get it copied to the clipboard automatically.

This won’t save the actual file. You can paste the screenshot in apps like Notes, Word, Google Docs, etc., or even paste it on your other Apple devices courtesy of Universal Clipboard.

How to change the default location of saved screenshots on Mac

By default, screenshots are saved on the desktop for easy access. You will find all of them here.

Pro Tips:

  • If you have several screenshots, select them all, right-click, and then choose New Folder with Selection.
  • You can also drag the screenshot thumbnail to any folder.

To change the default location of saved screenshots on Mac:

  1. Press Command + Shift + 5 → Click Options.

    Options on Screenshot tool
  2. From under Save to, choose a predefined location.
    Or click Other Location.

    Save to options in Screenshot tool on Mac

All future screenshots will be saved in the selected location. This setting will stay in effect even if you restart the Mac.

How to take a screenshot of the full webpage on Mac

In iOS, you get a default option to take the scrolling screenshot of the entire webpage in Safari. Unfortunately, this option is not available for macOS.

To capture the whole webpage on Mac, you will have to rely on two workarounds. The first one involves exporting the webpage as a PDF, and the other requires using a Developer tool.

But before we begin, make sure that you’ve fully loaded the webpage you’re trying to capture. Otherwise, you may miss out on data that still needs to be refreshed.

Export as PDF

The simplest way to take a screenshot in Safari is to export the page as PDF.

  1. Access the webpage you want to take a screenshot of.
  2. With the Safari window open, pick File from the menu bar.
  3. Select Export as PDF from the drop-down menu.

    Tap File, Export as PDF
  4. Optionally, rename the file and choose Where you want to save it.
  5. Press Save to conclude the process.

    Click Save to save the screenshot

Developer tools

The above method provides the output in PDF format. If you are sure that you want an image of the web page, you can enable and use a Developer tool. Here’s how it is done.

  1. Go to Safari  Settings from the menu bar.

    Click Safari, Settings
  2. Select the Advanced tab.
  3. Enable Show features for web developers.

    Enable Show features for web developers
  4. Once set, head back to Safari and access the webpage of your choice.
  5. Select Develop from the menu bar.
  6. Choose the Show Web Inspector option.
    Some might see Connect Web Inspector.

    Choose the Show Web Inspector option
  7. You will see the HTML code of the page pop up. By default, the Web Inspector opens with the webpage either on the right or bottom.
  8. Select the first line of the code. It begins with <HTML lang.

    Select the first line of the code
  9. Right-click the same and pick the Capture Screenshot option.

    Choose the Capture Screenshot option
  10. A Save As menu will pop up. Here, you can optionally rename the image and choose where you want to save it. Once done, hit Save to complete the process.

    Save the screenshot
  11. Now, hit the close icon at the top left of the HTML code to exit from the Web Inspector.
  12. Your browser will return to the interface you last accessed.

Best third-party apps to take screenshots on Mac

By default, Mac offers multiple ways to take your desired screenshot. However, remembering all the keyboard shortcuts is indeed daunting. So, you may try using third-party screenshot apps for Mac, such as:

  • Monosnap
  • Lightshot Screenshot
  • Shottr

These apps offer several benefits, including the ability to annotate screenshots or share them directly, revamp hotkeys, and take scrolling screenshots.

How to change the default screenshot file format in macOS

By default, all screenshots on Mac are saved as a PNG file. However, if you want to change the default screenshot file format in macOS to jpg, png, tiff, gif, heic, or PDF, there are two ways to do so. Here’s everything you need to know:

Method 1: Using Terminal

  1. Launch Terminal on your Mac using Spotlight Search.
  2. Type the following command into the Terminal window:
    defaults write com.apple.screencapture type ;killall SystemUIServer
  3. Replace with jpg, png, tiff, gif, heic, or PDF. Then, hit return.
    Example: defaults write com.apple.screencapture type PDF;killall SystemUIServer

    Change default screenshot file format in macOS

Method 2: Using the Preview app

  1. Open an existing screenshot or take a new screenshot using Preview.
  2. Click the File option from the Menu Bar at the top and select Export.

    Select Export in File option in Preview app
  3. Click the drop-up menu for Format and select a suitable file format.

    Select screenshot format from dropdown menu on Mac
  4. Give the screenshot a name you can easily remember and click Save.

    Click Save to change screenshot file format on Mac

How to edit screenshots on your Mac

Once you have captured the screenshot, click the floating thumbnail or open the screenshot in the Preview app. Then click the markup button from the toolbar.

Now, you can add shapes, draw anything, put your signature, overlay texts, adjust screenshot colors, resize the image, and much more. Edit the screenshot accordingly and save it.

To learn more about editing screenshots, take a look at our detailed guide on how to use the Markup tool for the same.

Screenshots not working on Mac? Here are the fixes

Have the above-mentioned keyboard shortcuts failed to take a screenshot on your Mac? Then, you must ensure the Keyboard shortcuts are enabled.

Also, you can check if the screenshot shortcuts have the default commands that you are using. Otherwise, your Mac will not recognize your shortcut command.

To understand how these solutions and more can be employed, go through our troubleshooting guide on how to fix the screenshot not working issue on Mac.

Wrapping up…

I hope this guide was helpful in demystifying the process of taking screenshots of your Mac. If you have any more questions or suggestions on this guide, feel free to drop them in the comments below. Happy screenshotting!

  • Dhvanesh

    The founder of iGeeksBlog, Dhvanesh, is an Apple aficionado, who cannot stand even a slight innuendo about Apple products. He dons the cap of editor-in-chief to make sure that articles match the quality standard before they are published.

    View all posts

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