As an aspiring programmer, you must be acquainted with a version control system. It helps you effectively organize the code collaboratively with other programmers to track and minimize errors. Git is one such open-source version control system.
In this article, I’ll help you better understand Git and show how to install it on your Mac, along with a few tricks to get you started. For this, you’re obviously going to need a machine that runs macOS and access to the Terminal or command line.
Let’s get learning!
What is Git?
Like I mentioned above, Git is a version control system. It lets coders and developers collaborate on a project more efficiently while also allowing them to work independently without interfering in each other’s code.
Git helps coders to monitor any changes in a codebase, collaborate with ease, and prevent code-clashing. It also tracks the project’s development, allowing users to see how it evolved. It is super helpful for community projects.
You can install Git on your system and communicate through it. Let’s see how!
3 Best ways to install Git on your Mac
There are plenty of methods to go about this. If you’ve got Xcode installed on your Mac, you should already have a version of Git on your system. However, this version of Git may not be the latest.
If you’re wondering how to install Git on Mac without Xcode or how to install Git manually, we’ve got you covered.
Note: To confirm Git’s installation, open Terminal, and type
git --version after installing it using any of the methods below.
Installing Git on macOS with the stand-alone installer
Tim Harper developed an official stand-alone installer for Mac, available on SourceForge. It is the easiest way to get Git on macOS without getting into technicalities. Follow the steps below.
- Launch any browser on your Mac and click this link to download the installer package.
- Next, install it the same way you’d install any other third-party apps on Mac.
- Follow the installation wizard steps and set up Git as per your requirements.
- Hit the install button and wait for it to complete.
- Next, verify the installation.
That’s it! You have now successfully installed Git on your Mac.
However, many users reported issues with this installer package, especially for macOS X Snow Leopard. If you, too, are facing issues, check the following method using brew.
How to install Git on Mac using Homebrew
Homebrew is a trusted software management system that simplifies installing useful third-party apps on macOS. If you have Homebrew installed on your Mac, follow the below steps. If you don’t, check our guide on how to install Homebrew.
Note: You can also install Git on M1 Mac using Homebrew, but you should be aware that some packages are still not optimized for the ARM chipset.
- Open Terminal (Press command + spacebar to launch Spotlight → type Terminal → hit Terminal in the search result).
- Next, enter the following command in Terminal to install Git –
brew install git
- Once done, verify it.
Install Git on macOS with GitHub Desktop
If you want to install Git on macOS without Homebrew, get it from the GitHub Desktop. This is another easy way.
Simply download the tool for macOS by clicking the button from the GitHub Desktop website. Run the installer once the package is downloaded, and verify whether Git has been installed. That’s it!
Many people also asked me, “How to run Git on Mac after installation?” Hence, below are some commands that will help you get Git up and running.
A few tricks to get you started on Git
Let’s take a look at some tricks to kickstart Git. Firstly, configure Git with your credentials to submit code and track your projects. Here’s how to do this.
- Launch Terminal and type the following command to add your Github username:
git config --global user.name “your_github_username”
- Next, add your email using this command:
git config --global user.email "firstname.lastname@example.org"
There you go. You’re now set up to track and commit changes on Github.
Here’s a list of basic commands that you must know to navigate Git.
|git-help||To learn more about Git commands and subcommands.|
|git-init||To create a new, empty Git repository or initialize the old one again.|
|git-add||To add file contents to the index.|
|git-rm||To delete files from the index and working tree.|
|git-commit||To make changes in the repo.|
|git-diff||To display changes in commits.|
|git-log||To view commit logs.|
|git-fetch||To view changes from another repo without integrating them into your repo.|
|git-branch||To create, delete, or see all your repo branches.|
|git-switch||To navigate between different branches.|
|git-clone||To clone the repo.|
|git-describe||Name an object for easy differentiation.|
|git-gc||To remove unnecessary files from the repo.|
|git pull||To make changes from another repo to your repo.|
|git push||To change and update the repo for others to pull.|
Now that you’ve learned how to install git on your Mac system, and know the basics of starting up, get started on coding, creating branches, managing projects, and more.
If you have any questions, feel free to share them in the comments below.
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